2019 Nickel Use per EV: Australia Led the Pack, India at the Bottom

Feb. 17, 2020

Australia, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway and Canada round off the top five

Despite global passenger EV sales increasing by just 8% in 2019, global deployment of nickel in the batteries of these EVs increased by a hefty 39% year-over-year, translating to a global sales-weighted average of 12.9 kilograms of nickel per EV (see recent Adamas Intelligence insight).

In Australia, however the sales-weighted average nickel use per EV in 2019 clocked in at a market-leading 28.1 kilograms owing to the high proportion of long-range battery electric vehicles (“BEVs”) with nickel-rich batteries sold there, including the Tesla Model 3, Model S and Model X, as well as the Hyundai Kona EV, among others. In second place was the Netherlands with 27.0 kilograms of nickel deployed per EV sold, followed by Switzerland, Norway, Canada and Ireland – all averaging above 20.0 kilograms per EV in 2019.

At the other end of the spectrum, India, Israel and Japan rounded off the bottom three among the world’s top 25 electric vehicle markets with 0.8 kilograms, 2.2 kilograms and 4.6 kilograms of nickel deployed per EV, respectively. The EV markets of these three countries are dominated by sales of hybrid electric vehicles (“HEVs”), which have much smaller batteries than BEVs, translating to substantially lower battery metals use per EV.

Additional reading:

95.6 GWh of Passenger EV Battery Capacity Deployed Globally in 2019

Global Nickel Deployment in Passenger EV Batteries Increased 39% in 2019

European EV Battery Nickel Deployment Up 101% Year-over-Year in December 2019

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